Six to ten inches.
Flowers of many colours, April to September.
Thought nominally a perennial, the Pansy, for
ordinary garden purposes, is best treated as a
Though plants can be raised from cuttings,
and of course must be, if any one desires to keep
with certainty a given strain or variety, yet
a stock annually raised from seed is far healthier
and easier to manage, and for all but the ingrained
fancier by far the most satisfactory.
are required, they should be taken at the middle
of August; select short, solid side shoots, not
leggy or pithy pieces; cut them cleanly below
a joint, and dibble in sandy soil under a light
hand-glass or some such protection.
be shaded and kept moist, and when they have struck
root, may be planted out in the autumn.
seedlings, choose a really good strain.
Pansies are either “selfs”
of one colour, or have large blotches of one colour
on a ground of another; the “Fancies”
are more various, selfs, rayed and streaked, belted,
blotched and parti-coloured flowers.
may be sown in a mild heat in March, pricked out,
hardened, and planted out in May; this will give
flowers from July onwards.
But the best way of
raising seedlings Pansies id to sow in pans or
boxes of rich sandy soil about the 25th of July.
The boxes may be stood under a north wall; but
it is as well to give them the protection of a
frame or cold greenhouse; a little shade on a
blazing morning, or shelter from the beating down
of thunder-rain may make all the difference in
the rearing of a healthy lot.
When the seedlings
show the second leaf, the boxes must be put out
in the open; but they must be well looked after,
and never allowed to become dry, or baked on the
About the end of August prick out the
little plants carefully on a piece of nicely worked
soil, about four inches apart.
By October they
should be chubby tufts, three or four inches across;
some time before December they should be put out
in their flowering beds, in rows a foot apart,
and eight inches asunder in the rows.
must be well prepared by digging in plenty of
old manure, leaf-mould, road-grit, wood ashes
and soot; and it is well to have this done a month
before the plants are put out.
In March spread
a good dressing of rotten leaves and soot over
During the summer the hoe must be used
to keep the ground open.
As a rule, seedling Pansies
flower and finish before there is much chance
of severe summer drought, and watering should
not be necessary.
The flowers of the first few
weeks are the finest; later, they become small,
effective by quantity rather than by quality and
by September the beds may, as a rule, be cleared.
It is a waste of time to leave any of the plants
on the chance of their flowering next year.
The show-man and the fancier have a lofty contempt
for seedling flowers, but for the amateur a packet
of good seed is a lottery with no blanks.
the colours to be found in a fair batch of seedlings
are dark and light blue, velvety black and purple,
crimson, rose, yellow (both buttercup and primrose
tints), mahogany and bronze, violet and mauve,
chestnut and pure white.
Plants from seed have
stamina rarely found in cuttings.
Among the good
qualities of the pansy its delicate scent is too